Yesterday, the Mexican state of Coahuila voted overwhelmingly. to legalize gay marriage, becoming the second Mexican state to do so, in the face of fierce opposition by the Catholic bishops.
This is not quite as dramatic as it may seem. Mexico City became the first Mexican jurisdiction to approve marriage and family equality in 2009, also resisting strong opposition from the bishops. A later constitutional court ruling held that all marriages conducted in Mexico City must be recognized throughout the country, effectively making same – sex marriage available to any couple able to travel to the capital for the ceremony. Since 2012, same – sex marriages have also been conducted in the state of Quintana Roo, in the South of Mexico, after it was found that they were not specifically excluded by the state constitution.
In addition. following a 2012 case in Oaxaca state, a particular Mexican judicial procedure (the “injunction” process), any couple in any state can secure approval for a same – sex marriage, by making specific application to the courts. Several individual couples in a range of states have done so, as this map shows.
(Source: Wikipedia. State recognition of same-sex relationships in Mexico Dark blue – Same-sex marriage (Rings: Individual cases) Mid blue – Same-sex civil unions Light blue – Same-sex marriages recognized but not performed)
Mexican State Legislature Enacts Marriage Equality Law
Since Mexico City’s Federal District legislature passed a bill permitting same-sex marriage in December 2009, most of Mexico’s steady march to marriage equality has been propelled by court rulings. However, on September 1, 2014, the legislature of the state of Coahuila overwhelmingly voted to legalize same-sex marriage.
As Rex Wockner reports, the new law, which alters more than 40 parts of the state’s Civil Code, takes effect in one week. It also extends adoption rights to same-sex couples and defines marriage as “the free union with full consent of two people, which has as its objective to realize community life where both [people] seek respect, equality and mutual aid, and make in a free, responsible, voluntary and informed way reproductive decisions that fit their life project, including the possibility of procreation or adoption.”
According to BBC News, the law was supported by the national party PRI and local parties. Congressman Samuel Acevedo, who sponsored the legislation, which was adopted on a vote of 19 to 3, described the changes as a “great step forward.”
Despite the lopsided vote, Acevedo said that the bill was fiercely opposed by conservative groups, including the Catholic Church.
Coahuila is located in Northeastern Mexico and shares a 318-mile border along the Rio Grande with Texas. Its has a population of almost 3,000,000 inhabitants.
Although Coahuila is only the second of the 32 Mexican states to enact marriage equality via legislation, other states, including Quintana Roo, Chihuahua, Oaxaca, Guanajuato, Jalisco, and Yucatán, have achieved marriage equality as a result of court rulings or administrative decisions.
via glbtq >> blogs.